JTIE, 2014 (vol. 6), issue 1

Theoretical articles

USING ICT IN EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Vladimíra SEHNALOVÁ

JTIE 2014, 6(1):4-18 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.001

Digital technologies have become a regular part of lives of even preschool children. They can primarily come across them in their families, but they can also play an important role in education. To integrate a computer successfully into preschool education requires suitable engagement of pedagogues who are computer literate and who then become familiar with suitable educational programs and change their existing methods of work. Nursery schools in the Moravian-Silesian region have already been equipped with computers and research has shown that they are used in educating children. The pedagogues could have improved their knowledge and skills by taking...

THE INCLUSION OF DESIGN PATTERNS IN THE TEACHING OF PROGRAMMING

Rostislav FOJTÍK

JTIE 2014, 6(1):19-29 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.002

The aim of this paper is to present the possibilities of using design patterns in the teaching of programming. According to the performed analyzes the procedures and methodologies of teaching programming shows that Design Patterns are used only marginally. For these reasons, students learn to improper practices that subsequently applied in practical solutions programs. According to the experiments show that the correct use of the teaching of design patterns can improve student performance in programming.

DEVELOPING A LEARNING TAXONOMY FOR EDUCATIONAL ROBOTICS

Ivan KALAŠ, Karolína MAYEROVÁ, Michaela VESELOVSKÁ

JTIE 2014, 6(1):30-44 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.003

In our research, we study possible integration of educational robotics into Informatics education in our primary and lower secondary schools. For that, we need to precisely and systematically specify, which curriculum objectives we plan to meet and how we can identify the actual category of the cognitive attainment of our pupils. To do so, we decided to apply a modification of the Bloom / Anderson's taxonomy of the cognitive domain based on the work of Fuller [1]. This modification seems to work well in the subjects when the focus is put on creating products - and school Informatics with its educational programming and robotics is such instance. Fuller...

HOW DO PRIMARY TECHERS RESPOND TO INTRODUCTION OF BASICS OF COMPUTER SCIENCE INTO SCHOOL CURRICULA OF ICT

Jiří VANÍČEK

JTIE 2014, 6(1):45-56 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.004

The article focuses on basics of computer science education at primary school. The trend of recent years is to reintroducing computer science kontent into school curricula. The question is whether topics of basic sof algorithmisation and understanding of information are comprehensible for primary school teachers, who have undergone no training in computer science and how they respond to them. The paper reports about new textbook verification project in which pre-service teachers were trained to teach these topics. The results could shed more light into understanding how teacher builds up his/her pedagogical content knowledge in the area of propaedeutics...

CREATION OF STUDY MATERIAL FOR ADPTIVE E-LEARNING

Blanka CZECZOTKOVÁ, Tatiana PREXTOVÁ

JTIE 2014, 6(1):57-70 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.005

Paper deals with teaching methods and teaching styles of teachers, which can be used in creation of adaptive learning material. Study materials are embedded into elctronic adaptive learning. Adaptive learning program is controled by a learning management system - a virtual teacher. The essence of the virtual teacher is as follows. Based on assessed individual learning mode of student virtual teacher suggests the most suitable study material. Virtual teacher consists of vast database of various learning modes, student charachteristics and rules for creation of adaptive study materials. Aim of this paper is use of teaching methods and teaching styles...

ANALYSIS OF TERM MEANING "COMPUTATIONAL THINKING"

Daniel LESSNER

JTIE 2014, 6(1):71-88 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.006

The article introduces the concept of computational thinking (CT). This ability "to think like a computer scientist while solving problems" draws more and more attention in relation to computer science education. We show and discuss a few definitions of CT. The concept can then be compared to key competences and literacies as used in Czechia.
The second half of the article illustrates the theoretical specifications with a variety of examples from both everyday life and school education. Our "computer science" classes focus on ICT user skills. CT provides a convenient starting point for the quest for what is missing in our education.

COMPUTER THERAPY AS CONCEPT OF NEW FORM OF THERAPY FOR ITELLECTUAL DISABLED PEOPLE: THEORY AND PRACTISE

Jiří KRAJÍČEK, Radek KOČÍ

JTIE 2014, 6(1):89-103 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.007

In this paper we present study and current state of research - the design and creation of new therapy for intellectual disabled people, called computer therapy. The goal is to apply resources of IT properly in synthesis with methods of special education, social care and informatics (informatics education), to create unified concept of therapy, which is easily accessible, long termed, applicable in natural environment of people with intellectual disability. Thus we finally compensate or decrease the impact of intellectual disability in lives of these people. To do so, we come from unsatisfactory state of last years following the success of touch devices...

Research articles

TESTING AND ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS' CONCEPTION FROM PHYSICS

Peter HOCKICKO, Gabriela TARJÁNYIOVÁ

JTIE 2014, 6(1):104-121 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.008

This paper presents initial research results of using video analysis based tasks in the educational process of the students of the Faculty of Civil Engineering at the University of Žilina in Žilina. We represent the research methodology, the form of results´ processing and their evaluation. In the end we report on the research results and the comparison of a control and the experimental group that has used the method of video analysis as well as of a group comprising of grammar school students.

ANALYSIS OF TASKS IN THE SLOVAKIAN BEBRAS CONTEST 2013/14

Monika TOMCSÁNYIOVÁ, Peter TOMCSÁNYI

JTIE 2014, 6(1):122-136 | 10.5507/jtie.2014.009

The seventh year of the Slovakian iBobor Contest took place this school year. It is the local version of the Bebras International Contest on Informatics and Computer Fluency. It is organized in five categories according to school classes. Our article analyzes the tasks of the Benjamin category (classes 5 to 7, age 10 to 12). At first we describe the tasks and their results in general, next we concentrate on deeper analysis of a few selected tasks. Particularly we concentrated on one task that had the same topic as a task from last year's contest and on another task that turned out to be the hardest one in this year's contest in the Benjamin category....