JTIE 2013, 5(1):35-41 | 10.5507/jtie.2013.005

THE PERCEPTION AND USING OF ICT IN THE DIFFERENT AGE GROUPS

Milan KUBIATKO
Katedra pedagogiky, Pedagogická fakulta MU, Poříčí 31 603 00, Brno, ČR

The using of information and communication technologies (ICT) is typical for the recent time in the all aspects of human life. Every age group is using ICT due to different purposes and the difference is possible to observe in the time length spent by using of ICT. On the basis of the mentioned fact, there is the dividing of people into the different groups according to using of ICT. One of the dividing is determining the group called "Generation Y" or "Millennial Generation". This generation comprises people born in 1981 and later. The Generation Y is different in the using of ICT and it has got different perception of ICT in the comparison with older people. The main aim of the investigation was to compare using and perception of ICT, with the focusing on the using and perception of Internet, by two groups of respondents. First group was created by respondents belonging to Generation Y and the second group was created by older respondents, which was called Generation X. The sample size was created by 266 respondents of different work environment, there were presented college students, academic staff, high school students. The Generation Y comprised of 200 respondents, the age range was between 17 - 57 years. As the research tool was a questionnaire with 64 Likert type items focusing on the perception of ICT and 9 items focusing on the using of ICT. The methods of inductive statistic (chi-square for independent samples and t-test for independent samples) were used for the determination of differences. Also, the methods of multidimensional statistic were used for the determination of reliability (Cronbach's alpha) and validity (explorative factor analysis).

Keywords: questionnaire, Generation Y and X, information and communication technologies, quantitative methodology

Published: April 1, 2013

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